I am getting ready to go on the road today, so time is a little short. However, I have been reading various articles about the torture report that just came out. Here is just a sample of the many articles out there.
The above link is a very brief overview of some of the worst parts of the report. Below is a reposting of Andrew Sullivan’s from 2005 about how Freedom and Torture are at odds:
“Torture is the polar opposite of freedom. It is the banishment of all freedom from a human body and soul, insofar as that is possible. As human beings, we all inhabit bodies and have minds, souls, and reflexes that are designed in part to protect those bodies: to resist or flinch from pain, to protect the psyche from disintegration, and to maintain a sense of selfhood that is the basis for the concept of personal liberty. What torture does is use these involuntary, self-protective, self-defining resources of human beings against the integrity of the human being himself. It takes what is most involuntary in a person and uses it to break that person’s will. It takes what is animal in us and deploys it against what makes us human. As an American commander wrote in an August 2003 e-mail about his instructions to torture prisoners at Abu Ghraib, “The gloves are coming off gentlemen regarding these detainees, Col. Boltz has made it clear that we want these individuals broken.”
What does it mean to “break” an individual?
As the French essayist Michel de Montaigne once commented, and Shakespeare echoed, even the greatest philosophers have difficulty thinking clearly when they have a toothache. These wise men were describing the inescapable frailty of the human experience, mocking the claims of some seers to be above basic human feelings and bodily needs. If that frailty is exposed by a toothache, it is beyond dispute in the case of torture. The infliction of physical pain on a person with no means of defending himself is designed to render that person completely subservient to his torturers. It is designed to extirpate his autonomy as a human being, to render his control as an individual beyond his own reach. That is why the term “break” is instructive. Something broken can be put back together, but it will never regain the status of being unbroken–of having integrity. When you break a human being, you turn him into something subhuman. You enslave him. This is why the Romans reserved torture for slaves, not citizens, and why slavery and torture were inextricably linked in the antebellum South,”
In my mind anyone that condoned or performed torture should be prosecuted, plain and simple. I am aware however, that these crimes will probably go unpunished, or if they do, those at the highest level will probably be exempt. We paid 80 million dollars to psychologists to advise the CIA on torture. Those are the kind of tax dollars that people should be up in arms about, not implementing things that will benefit citizens like public transportation. Hopefully someday that will be the case.
If you are interested at reading a more in-depth portrait of the CIA, I recommend Tim Wiener’s book Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA. It not only contains a wealth of fascinating information, but is extremely readable.